Embryos of a future Sweden in ancient Västergötland
In the period up to c. AD 1050
- One political
- One ecclesiastica
- One judicial
- One state-orientated
The political embryo of royal power
The original secular power concentrated on Mount Kinnekulle and Skara. It was personified by e.g. Erik of Sparlösa, Erik of the Ring, Erik Emundsson, Erik the Victorious, Olof Skötkonung, Anund Jacob and Emund the Old. With the support of chieftains and magnates they could develop and strengthen royal power. Later Götland
was also represented by kings from Östergotland, primarily the Sverker dynasty.
The English - Roman - Byzantine embryo of power
The original ecclesiastical/sacral power with Swedens first episcopal seat, with places like Husaby, Varnhem and Skara, personified by e.g. St. Sigfrid, Egino, Thurgot, Unni, Astmunder, Stenfinn, Adalvard Sr. and probably also Gautbert. The Missal of Skara, written on parchment, is the oldest preserved book written in Sweden.
The pagan - assembly-based embryo
The original judicial power was based upon the assemblies with their law speakers and through oral tradition. Central sites were Norra Vånga and Long. The List of Law Speakers enumerates the following from pagan antiquity: Lumber, Björn of the Sled, Tore Fox, Kring-Aile, Tubbe Master of the Horse, Önd of Essunga, Ulvar of Trälje, Törner of Up plan den and Assur of Hära. Eskil the Law Speaker edited our oldest law code, the Elder Code of Västergötland.
The state-orientated property and administrative embryo
Fertility rites and sacrifices go back many millennia. Earthly possessions were sacrificed in the hope of gaining luck and an improved livelihood. The subsistence of the state/crown was originally based in a pagan mythological context, embodied by e.g. the Åsaka territory, Frigg fields, the Grain God, ridge-and-furrow agriculture and
a "subsistence responsibility" documented on the Sparlösa rune stone. Each of Västergötland's bo districts has a manor belonging to the Uppsala öd royal domain. The term originated with the Uppsala sites on Mount Kinnekulle. These four embryos interacted to provide a multifaceted state cradle in Västergötland. It also links up with ancient emigrations from the area, northward to Norway and southward to the northern shores of the Mediterranean.